Angelique Pouponneau

      Angelique has always had a passion for advancing the sustainable use and conservation of our oceans. She was born and grew up in a fishing district, Bel Ombre, in Seychelles where she gained a firsthand perspective on the critical importance to preserve marine resources.

      Angelique is a lawyer (Seychelles and UK) and she holds an LLM in Environmental law specializing in the law of the sea and natural resources law. Also, Angelique is a trained climate change negotiator under the AOSIS Climate Change Fellowship Programme at the United Nations.

      Angelique has worked in different countries in the Caribbean, Pacific and the Indian Ocean on a wide-range of projects relating sustainable fisheries, sustainable management of marine biodiversity within and beyond national jurisdiction, and climate change, in particular, climate adaptation and climate finance. Further, she served as a legal expert of the African Group of Sixth Committee in works of oceans and law of the sea at the United Nations.

      Moreover, Angelique has experience working with civil society as a co-founder for a not-for-profit organization in Seychelles and a Board member of a Commonwealth-wide youth-led organization.


      Benoît Bosquet is Director for Environment and Natural Resources at the World Bank.

      Prior to this he was the Practice Manager for Environment and Natural Resources in West and Central Africa and the Indian Ocean islands. He has coordinated global partnerships for climate change mitigation, including the Prototype Carbon Fund, BioCarbon Fund and Forest Carbon Partnership Facility. As a Task Team Leader he managed projects in Costa Rica and Mexico.

      He has lived in Russia and Madagascar, and has 25 years of experience working on environmental protection, natural resource management and humanitarian relief in developing countries and emerging economies (mostly in Africa, Europe and Central Asia, and Latin America).

      Benoît Bosquet is Belgian. He holds an M.A. in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies and a Ph.D. in Environmental Policy from the University of Maryland.

      Elisabeth Anderberg

      Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (SwAM)´s new international development program constitutes a significant component of Sweden´s policy work for global development and work on the international dimensions of Agenda 2030. The aim is that marine protection should be implemented to achieve not only the SDG goal of enhanced marine protection (within SDG 14) but also other goals such as poverty reduction (SDG 1), no hunger (SDG 2) and equal rights (SDG 5). Management of marine protected areas is one of the main focus areas in the program as Sweden has solid competence and experiences in implementing an adaptive and ecosystem-based management of MPAs, based on the Malawi Principles.

      The presentation with give a short summary of Sweden´s ongoing work with establishing a framework that supports an adaptive and ecosystem-based approach to management of marine protected areas. The method, Open standards for Conservation, supports an action-oriented and adaptive management approach. It involves setting relevant conservation objectives and indicators for priority conservation values and human wellbeing as well as setting targets for reducing threats, and identifying relevant strategies to address these threats. The methodology can also be used as a tool to facilitate and coordinate dialogues between different stakeholders and actors. It is a management methodology that fits well within open dynamic systems such as oceans.

      Gonçalo Carneiro

      Ocean governance is shifting from strictly sector based to more holistic cross-sectorial management. More and more countries across the globe implement Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) as a spatially defined strategic planning instrument. Marine spatial plans show the political ambition for human use of different areas in the sea, from coastal waters through the exclusive economic zone. This may include areas with priority for shipping, energy extraction, aquaculture, fishing, tourism, and marine conservation. MSP serves to illustrate a common path towards the future and holds great potential to balance gains in the blue economy with the necessary social and environmental consideration.

      With marine spatial plans, investors in the blue economy gain insight into future directions and ambitions, which lowers investment risks and increases predictability and transparency. Ecosystem-based MSP enables the integration of conservation and socio-economic aspects into development plans. Cumulative impact assessment in MSP further strengthens the ability to weigh in environmental concerns, so that human activities are guided to areas where impact is within the frames of ecological function.

      Ercílio Chauque

      Ercilio, has 8 years of experience in the non-profit sector, his studying applied ecology at Unilurio’s Science Faculty.

      His interest in Community and Social Work has developed over several years, specifically through working on community based conservation in Cabo Delgado Province. As project coordinator for the Our Sea Our Life project, he helped the creation and legalization of six community fishing councils and the development of five Locally Managed Marine Areas - LMMA in Palma and Mocimboa da Praia Districts, benefiting both (Biodiversity and Communities). Through this project he worked with a total of 1,400 direct beneficiaries. These people benefited from at least one of the project activities (marine resource management training and capacity development; VSLA; enterprise support; access to incentives for marine resource management). This action has established 600ha of co-managed marine and coastal area that can be sustained beyond the life of the project. 

      Working on no-profit organization have given him the capacity and confidence to work with people from a variety of social backgrounds. He believes that through these different activities he has shown himself to be capable of organizing his time effectively and using his initiative to come up with original ideas. 

      He assumes as one of his current subjects of interests, the introduction of co-management approaches on natural (marine) resources management, implementing new experiences on community based conservation, particularly the creation of a LMMA network in Mozambique.

      Janine Adams

      Blue carbon habitats (salt marshes, seagrasses and mangroves) provide a multitude of ecosystem services such as provision of raw materials, nursery habitats for juvenile fish, coastal protection, carbon storage, nutrient retention and water quality enhancement. Globally the health of these ecosystems is rapidly deteriorating owing to increasing human pressure. Unless policy-makers and managers intervene in a timely manner, valuable natural capital will be lost.

      This study shows how an ecosystem health index can be used to identify and prioritize restoration activities. It reports on a study that quantified the loss of blue carbon habitats and associated ecosystem services in South Africa. Globally some progress is being made on mangrove restoration but other habitats such as salt marsh and seagrass are neglected. The UN decade of ecosystem restoration (2021-2030) provides an opportunity to focus on restoration of blue carbon habitats. Restoring, conserving and wisely using our wetlands can contribute towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). A socio-ecological systems approach for the restoration of coastal habitats and delivery of multiple ecosystem services is outlined that provides opportunities for job creation and contribution to the Blue Economy.

      Jeremie Fosse

      Jérémie Fosse is an international expert on sustainable development with a specific focus on green and blue economy, supporting the transition to sustainability for organizations, cities and territories. He is co-founder and president of eco-union, an independent environmental NGO based in Spain (Barcelona), that aims to capacitate, connect and empower change makers for sustainable development.

      He is also the founder and director of the Global Eco Forum, an annual and international multi-stakeholders conference on sustainability in the Euro-Med region. Moreover he regularly advises international institutions on Green and Blue Economy as well as Sustainable Tourism in the Mediterranean region. He holds an Msc in Industrial Engineering at INSA Lyon (France) and an Executive MBA at ESADE Business School (Spain), completed by short courses from major world universities.

      David Obura

      Delivering a blue economic future that is equitable, sustainable, just and inclusive, is a challenge that the region’s countries and many in civil society and business want to achieve. This paper presents collaborative work among Western Indian Ocean countries and stakeholders focused on two key strategies to facilitate this: recognizing the value and importance of ecosystem assets to coastal societies and applying a ‘future thinking’ approach to help navigate towards this future.

      The living ocean assets of the region were valued at US$ 333.8 billion in 2015, producing an annual output of US$ 20.8 billion. The national estimate for Mozambique was of US$ 2.7 billion, some 15% of its national GDP of US$ 17.8 billion in that year. Valuable long term assets include fisheries, mangroves, seagrass beds, coral reefs and the coastline itself. The challenge for countries is how to realize, sustain and grow income from these ocean ecosystems, particularly as the health of the region's ocean is declining, putting at risk its productivity and the livelihoods and jobs dependent on it.

      Sjarief Widjaja

      Prof. Sjarief Widjaja is currently serving as the Head of Research and Human Resources Department of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia. Prof. Widjaja also serves as a Professor of Ship Production and Operation Management at the Faculty of Marine Technology, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November Surabaya (ITS), Indonesia. He obtained his Bachelor in Engineering from ITS in 1987. He then obtained is master’s degree in Ship Production Management in 1989 and Ph.D. in Computer Aided Ship Production in 1992 from University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, United Kingdom. Prof. Widjaja also served as the Vice Rector for Finance and Administration from 2003 to 2007. While still serving as Vice Rector, he was nominated and honored as Fellow of the Royal Institution of Naval Architect (FRINA) in 2006.

      In 2010, Prof. Widjaja appointed as the Head of Human Resources Bureau of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (2010-2013). In 2013 to 2017, he was appointed as the Secretary General of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries. On March 2017, he was assigned to be the Director General of Capture Fisheries of Ministry Marine Affairs and Fisheries, where he overlooks fisheries license and overall fisheries management in Indonesia.

      Luther Bois Anukur

      Luther Bois Anukur is the Regional Director for Eastern and Southern Africa for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Prior to joining IUCN, he served in several development organization as Deputy Regional Director, Eastern and Southern Africa with Plan International; Regional Director for Panos Eastern Africa; Country Director World Vision International & Programme Director with Child Fund International.

      Luther’s has extensive experience in programme development and management, operational research and applied policy work on governance, organizational development, institutional capacity building, public policy formulation and advocacy across a range of sectors engaging widely with diverse groups of practioners and policy makers.
      He is a winner of the British Council Professional Service Award 2006. He is also a Senior Fellow with Synergos, which brings together distinguished international civil society and business leaders committed to address the underlying causes of poverty and inequality by promoting and supporting collaborations among business, government, civil society and marginalized communities.

      Any Correia Freitas

      Any Correia Freitas is a policy analyst with over ten years of experience working on areas related to development cooperation and international security. She currently works at the Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development of the European Commission as 'Maritime Security and Transnational Crime Regional Operations Officer'.

      Before joining the European Commission, Any has worked as programme manager, researcher and policy analyst in several European and international organisations, such as UNESCO, UNDP, European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), the King’s College London and the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI). Any has collaborated to research and policy briefs, feasibility studies, monitoring and evaluation reports on several issues, including piracy, protection of critical infrastructures, human security and development, international migration and South-South cooperation.

      José Tonato

      J’assume actuellement les fonctions de Ministre du cadre de vie et du développement durable de la république du Bénin. Ce département ministériel a en charge : l’environnement et les changements climatiques, l’aménagement du territoire, l’habitat & la construction, le développement urbain, les eaux, les forêts & chasses

      Fondateur en 1987 de PLANURBA SCP et Associé en 2005 d’IMPACT Consultants, j’ai conduit des études et conseillé les Gouvernements et les Collectivités locales dans les domaines du développement urbain, du foncier, de la décentralisation, de l’aménagement du territoire et de l’environnement.

      Comme Directeur adjoint de cabinet et Directeur de cabinet (1999-2004) du Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Habitat et de l’Urbanisme du Bénin, j’ai supervisé la mise en place des outils de gestion stratégique dans les secteurs de compétence de ce ministère, selon les principes de la gestion par objectifs axée sur les résultats, dans le contexte de préparation de la décentralisation.

      Christopher Charles Trelawny

      Chris Trelawny joined the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in March 2003 as a maritime security specialist. In December 2011, he was appointed Senior Deputy Director and in November 2014 he was promoted to Special Advisor to the Secretary-General on Maritime Security and Facilitation. In August 2018 he was appointed to the new post of Chief, Sub-Division for Maritime Development within the International Maritime Organization’s Technical Cooperation Division.

      Chris is responsible for advising and liaising with IMO Member Governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations on the development of the maritime sector including the facilitation of global maritime transport, underpinned by good maritime security; and promoting better maritime governance and interagency cooperation. His recent projects have included the development of multi-disciplinary, multi-agency projects aimed at finding regional solutions for piracy and maritime security challenges. These include the development of the “Djibouti Code of Conduct” (DCoC) (signed by 20 countries) aimed at addressing piracy and armed robbery against ships in the Gulf of Aden and western Indian Ocean, the “Yaounde Code of Conduct”, a similar agreement for West and Central Africa, adopted by 25 countries in June 2013, and the and the Jeddah Amendment to the DCoC, 2017. Chris has also worked closely with navies on issues relating to maritime security operations, counter proliferation and civil/military cooperation; and with other agencies on issues such as security of the supply chain.

      Domingos Zefanias Gove

      Domingos Gove is a national from Mozambique with vast experience in Coastal and Marine Resources Research, Management and Governance. He has worked with Marine Plankton, Marine Invertebrates, including Crustaceans, Fisheries, Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Coastal Planning, Fisheries Management and Governance at the Local, National, Regional and International Levels. Currently, since January 2018, is the Director of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources at the SADC Secretariat.

      Stephen Box

      As the largest group of ocean users, small-scale fishers and fish workers are the true and often hidden face of the Blue Economy. As such, they should be central to any discussion about balancing social and economic goals for marine resource use and management. Small-scale fishing includes a wide range of activities from personal consumption to household, micro and small businesses involved in catching, processing, transporting and selling fish.

      The small-scale fishers and fish workers spread across Mozambique’s extensive 2700 km coastline face similar challenges to their counterparts around the globe – there is poor data on who is fishing, where they are fishing, what gears they are using, and how much they are catching. Leaving this highly diffuse, informal sector in the dark limits opportunities to effectively manage valuable marine resources and sustainably develop a critical sector of the Blue Economy. Supporting coastal fishers to adopt responsible fishing behaviors can curb overfishing and is therefore imperative to securing food and income for coastal populations and protecting marine ecosystems.

      Hennie Van As

      Hennie Van As is a Professor of Public Law and Director of the Centre for Law in Action at the Nelson Mandela University in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. He is an admitted advocate and completed a Diploma in Police Science, the degrees B.Iuris, Bachelor of Laws and Doctor of Laws. He completed post-doctoral studies at the La Salle University in Mexico. He is also responsible for the Refugee Rights Centre (ensuring access to legal advice and assistance) and the FishFORCE Academy. He teaches Constitutional Law and the Enforcement of Marine and Coastal Legislation. Furthermore, he focuses on the drafting, implementation, enforcement and administration of legislation and access to legal aid.

      Within local government, he concentrates on municipal health law, municipal law enforcement, improvement of local governance and council oversight. He has written municipal codes for more than 60 municipalities in South Africa. He also served as an expert member for the World Bank, for the development of local government legislation in East Timor.

      Paul Holthus

      Paul Holthus is founder of the World Ocean Council (WOC), the international, multi-industry alliance for ocean business community leadership, collaboration and action on sustainable development. WOC brings together leadership companies shipping, fisheries, aquaculture, tourism, oil/gas, offshore renewables, mining, submarine cables, ports, investment and other sectors. The WOC is the only organization listed by UN Global Compact to guide companies to action-oriented platforms and tools supporting SDG 14.

      Paul has been advancing ocean business sustainable development since the 1990’s and engaging the ocean business community in the SDGs since 2013 through the WOC network of 40,000+ ocean industry stakeholders. He was often the only ocean industry presence in the formal SDG process, and produced the first SDG analysis for ocean industries. Paul regularly speaks about the SDGs at ocean industry events globally, and promotes the SDGs at the WOC Sustainable Ocean Summit (SOS), the only annual gathering of the global ocean business community on sustainable development.

      Anthony Ribbink

      Early in his career, Dr Ribbink taught at the University of Cape Town and then Rhodes University. From the mid-1970s he led a variety of international projects from the JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology (now the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity; SAIAB), beginning with a seven-year stint on Lake Malawi where he pioneered community involvement in parks when laying the foundation for the Lake Malawi National Park.

      Underwater exploration of Lake Malawi led to many new scientific discoveries and to major publications in zoogeography, evolution and systematics. Management and conservation regulations arising from these studies are still in use today. In 1985 Dr Ribbink became Deputy Director of the JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology (now SAIAB), and ultimately Acting Director before he became Director of the World Bank supervised GEF Lake Malawi/Nyasa Biodiversity Conservation Programme, coordinating teams from Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. In 1999, through to 2005, he managed two international WWF projects on freshwaters. Concurrently with the WWF projects, in 2002 he developed, raised the funds for and managed the African Coelacanth Ecosystem Programme (ACEP) until November 2007.

      Peter Haugan

      Peter M Haugan is programme director at Institute of Marine Research with responsibility for the project portfolio related to international and global development. He also holds a professorship in oceanography at the Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Norway. Since 2015 he has been the elected president of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC of UNESCO). In this period the IOC produced its first Global Ocean Science Report with overview of ocean science capacities around the world. IOC also initated and was given coordinating responsibility for the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) and continued to serve its Member States with scientific support for their ocean related decision-making. At present Haugan is also one of the co-chairs of the Expert Group serving the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy.

      Haugan has broad experience from ocean research after more than 20 years as university professor including 8 years as Director of the Geophysical Institute. He was deputy director of the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research in the first years after its start in 2000. He also has experience from polar research, coastal and deep sea oceanohgraphy, modelling and remote sensing as well as renewable energy, in particular offshore wind. In recent years from the time he served as vice chair of the European Marine Board and continuing with the IOC, he has taken an increasing interest in the science-policy interface. He also has experience from offshore industry.

      Hugo Costa

      Hugo Costa has a degree in Zoology and a Master in Environmental Impact Assessment. He has over 18 years of professional experience, having participated in projects in Mozambique, South Africa, Angola, Portugal, among others. He joined WCS in 2016 as the COMBO Project Manager for Mozambique and since 2019 he is also managing a project on Red List of Threatened Species and identification and mapping of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) in Mozambique. He has been supporting the country program on promoting an improved policy and legal framework for biodiversity conservation and planning in Mozambique, providing support the effective management of Niassa National Reserve and launching the marine program in the country. Hugo has in his background 12 years experience in creating and managing biodiversity consultancy companies in Europe and Africa.

      He has conducted and/or coordinated over 500 biodiversity monitoring programs, assessments and plans for different types of projects such as wind farms, dams, power lines, power stations, pipelines, roads, railways, oil & gas, mining, solar and wave energy projects, agriculture, forestry, ports, industry, and infrastructure in general. Additionally, he has participated in mitigation and compensatory/offset programs, identification and valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, conservation programs, climate change adaptation, biodiversity action plans and management planning. Besides consultancy and technical-scientific advisory, Hugo is co-author of 1 book, 12 peer-reviewed scientific papers and 16 technical papers.